Domestic Violence and Abuse
The Cross Government definition of Domestic Abuse and Violence adopted in 2013 is:
“Any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive or threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those aged 16 or over who are or have been intimate partners or family members regardless of gender or sexuality. This can encompass, but is not limited to, the following types of abuse: psychological, physical, sexual, financial and emotional.
‘Controlling behaviour is: a range of acts designed to make a person subordinate and/or dependent buy isolating them from sources of support, exploiting their resources and capacities for personal gain, depriving them of the means needed for independence, resistance and escape and regulating their everyday behaviour’
‘Coercive behaviour is an act or a pattern of acts of assaults, threats, humiliation and intimidation or other abuse that is used to harm, punish or frighten their victim.’
This definition incorporates so called 'honour’ based violence, female genital mutilation (FGM) and forced marriage, and recognises that victims are not confined to one gender or ethnic group.
From 29th December 2015 Coercive or controlling domestic abuse became a crime punishable by up to five years in prison, even if it stops short of physical violence. The new legislation will enable the CPS to bring charges where there is evidence of repeated, or continuous, controlling or coercive behaviour within an intimate or family relationship. This can include: a pattern of threats, humiliation and intimidation, or behaviour such as stopping a partner socialising, controlling their social media accounts, surveillance through apps or dictating what they wear.
Many people think that domestic abuse is about intimate partners, but it is clear that other family members are included and that much safeguarding work (that meets the criteria set out above) that occurs at home is, in fact concerned with domestic abuse. This confirms that domestic abuse approaches and legislation can be considered safeguarding responses in appropriate cases.
For more information: Adult Safeguarding and DAV - LGA Guide.pdf
In Emergency 999
National domestic abuse helpline
Phone: 0808 2000 247
Greater Manchester police domestic violence unit
Phone: 0161 872 5050 (ask for the domestic violence unit for Bolton)
Support for those affected by domestic abuse is available in Bolton from:
01204 701846 (24 hour)
01204 365677 (Support Centre)
Muslim Community Helpline:
Phone: 0208 904 8193 or 0208 908 6715
The Men's Advice Line
Domestic abuse affects men too, as well as women. The Men's Advice Line is a confidential helpline for all men experiencing domestic abuse by a current or ex-partner. This includes all men - in heterosexual or same-sex relationships.
Freephone: 0808 801 0327 (Monday - Friday 10am - 1pm and 2pm - 5pm)
Honour Based Violence
Honour-based violence is a crime, and referral to the police must always be considered. It has or may have been committed when families feel that dishonour has been brought to them. Women are predominantly (but not exclusively) the victims, and the violence is often committed with a degree of collusion from family members and/or members of the community. Many of these victims are so isolated and controlled that they are unable to seek help. Alerts that may indicate honour-based violence include Domestic Violence and Abuse, concerns about Forced Marriage, enforced house arrest and missing persons’ reports. If a concern is raised through a Safeguarding Adults Referral, and there is a suspicion that the adult is the victim of honour-based violence, a police referral is required. When dealing with victims, do not speak with them in the presence of their relatives. Women who return to their families should be offered support including, escape plans, the option to deposit DNA samples, finger prints and photograph with the police.
Further information is available from www.karmanirvana.org.uk , 0800 5999 247.